Baden-Baden is a city in the west of Baden-Württemberg and the smallest urban district in the state. It is known as a spa and spa town as well as a media, art and international festival town. The Romans are known to have used the hot thermal springs that arise here on the edge of the Black Forest. In the Middle Ages, Baden-Baden was the seat of the Margraviate of Baden and thus gave its name to the state of Baden. After a catastrophic city fire in 1689, it lost its status of the royal seat to Rastatt.

The spa town was rediscovered in the 19th century and, thanks in part to income from the casino, developed into an internationally important meeting place for nobles and wealthy citizens. From this heyday in the 19th century a rich, well-preserved tangible and intangible